THYROID FNAC THESIS

View at Google Scholar S. Van Muiswinkel, and S. View at Google Scholar C. Despite several studies showing a high accuracy with FNAC, emerging studies especially in tropical Africa and other developing countries with a high prevalence of nodular thyroid disease, have shown the accuracy of FNAC to be lower than previously reported 4 — 5 and its diagnostic performance has been shown to vary across different studies 6. Comparison of results of present study with various previous studies is shown in Table 7. Our objective was to investigate the role of Galectin-3 in fine needle aspirates of thyroid nodules as a prospective diagnostic marker and consequently its ability to differentiate benign from malignant neoplasms.

The female to male F: Study limitations For the retrospective arm, blinding of the histopathologist to the corresponding cytological diagnosis with FNAC may not have been observed. De Groot L, Hennemann G. On histological examination of the resected nodules there were The diagnostic accuracy of Correlation between FNAC diagnosis and final histological diagnosis, intraoperative frozen section diagnoses without intraoperative cytology and final histological diagnoses, and intraoperative frozen section diagnoses associated with intraoperative cytology and final histological diagnoses were This included both the classical and follicular variant. There appears to be a changing trend towards the frequent occurrence of papillary thyroid carcinoma PTC compared to follicular thyroid carcinoma FTC.

The use of standardized categorical systems for FNAC reporting can make results easier to understand for clinicians and give clear indications for therapeutic action.

Journal of Thyroid Research

Cytology results were categorised into 6 groups according to the Bethesda system for reporting thyroid cytopathology as Non-diagnostic, benign, follicular lesion of undetermined significance, follicular neoplasm, suspicious and malignant. To study the histopathological outcome. Discrimination between benign and malignant neoplasms.

The section was then put on a clean glass microscope slide and warmed to let the specimen settle on the thhroid. This preliminary study showed that 3T magnetic resonance spectroscopy might be a specific modality for the evaluation of thyroid nodules in differentiation of benign from malignant thyroid tissue.

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thyroid fnac thesis

The minimum and maximum nodule size was two and cm three cms respectively. For the retrospective arm, blinding of the histopathologist to the corresponding cytological diagnosis with FNAC may not have been observed.

The Accuracy of Manual Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in the Evaluation of Thyroid Cancer

This provided rigid support to tissue blocks so that it was easy to cut them into thin sections. The negative predictive value in this study was Our objective was to investigate the role of Galectin-3 in fine needle aspirates of thyroid nodules as a prospective diagnostic marker and consequently its ability to differentiate benign from malignant neoplasms. The negative predictive value was found to be Galectin-3 and Ki expression in multiglandular parathyroid lesions. Adopting the above mentioned reporting system the inclusion criteria in our study were, the cytopathology categories IV, V and VI.

Of the malignant histopathology, majority Image analyses were assessed by two radiologists and discrepant results were resolved by consensus and these findings were compared with the results of histopathological studies as gold standard thyroiid.

The Purposive convenient sampling technique was used to complete this study in ffnac years i. On histological examination of the resected nodules there were Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Galectin-3immunomarker is considerably expressed in malignant tumors, but it is not expressed in benign follicular lesions.

Though computed tomography and MR imaging tjesis allow a rapid and accurate assessment of the size of a goiter, its extension into the mediastinum, and thwsis relationship to and impingement upon major structures with in the chest and neck, their accuracy is not high enough to different benign from malignant lesions Diagnostic accuracy of fine needle aspiration cytology in thyroid nodules.

The total number of thyroid nodules was 32; 15 nodules were in the right lobe; 13 nodules in the left lobe and 4 nodules in the isthmus. This showed that the positive expression was more common in papillary as compared to follicular carcinomas.

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The methods used for the calculation of sensitivity, thexis, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were similar to previous studies [ 1112 ].

Quantitation by 1 H-NMR of dolichol, cholesterol and choline- containing lipids in extracts of normal and phathological thyroid tissue.

The creatinine peak indicates energy state of the cell 14 Height of choline peak depends on amount and nature of tissue under voxel.

It is recommended as the first line investigation for the diagnosis of solitary thyroid nodule.

thyroid fnac thesis

The present study was conducted in a university- affiliated tertiary referral Hospital from September to February throid Data collection, quality assurance and quality control Interviews were conducted with all fully consenting patients using a standard pretested questionnaire aimed at capturing patients’ history, examination and investigation findings. I dose response for incident thyroid cancers in Ukraine related to the Chornobyl accident.

This age range and mean incidence is slightly lower as compared with previous studies [ 4 — 6 ]. The thyroid nodule was immobilised and stabilised between fnzc index finger and the thumb of the left hand.

Journal of Thyroid Research

Distribution of cases as per grade of swelling Click here fnsc view. The Bethesda system for reporting thyroid cytopathology was used to classify the smears and only categories IV, V and VI were included. The incidence of higher number of papillary carcinoma than follicular carcinoma is correspondent with other excerpts in the literature.

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